BAUMHORN, LIPÓT


BAUMHORN, LIPÓT
BAUMHORN, LIPÓT (1860–1932), Hungarian architect who built 25 synagogues in Austria-Hungary. Born in Kisbér, Baumhorn was educated at the Technische Hochschule in Vienna and started practicing in Ödön Lechner's office in Budapest, where he adopted the characteristic combination of plain plastered surfaces and red or yellow brick wavy decoration (string-courses, lysens, gables). Nevertheless, Baumhorn's style was slightly more conventional, using Moorish, Renaissance, or Gothic elements instead of the Hungarian national style. His first building was the Neo-Moorish synagogue in Esztergom (1888), followed by synagogues at Rijeka (1895), Szolnok (1898), and Szeged (1903). The last is the most grandiose, expressing the aspirations of assimilated Hungarian Jewry with elaborated details and very rich ornamentation. It shows Baumhorn's typical nearly central floor plan with eastern bimah, emphasized central dome, and four subordinated corner-turrets containing the staircases for ezrat nashim. Artistically the most noted synagogues are in Novi Sad (1906) and Budapest-Aréna-Út (1909) where affluent decoration disappears and the clarity of Proto-Modern architecture took over. -BIBLIOGRAPHY: J. Gerle, K. Attila, M. Imre, A századforduló epiteszete Magyarországon (1991), 33–35; A. Gazfa et al., Magyarországi zsinagógák (1989); R. Klein, chapter on synagogue architecture in Central and Eastern Europe, in G.S. Rajna, Z.A. Maisels, R. Klein, R. Reich, D. Jarasse, L'art Juif (1995). (Rudolf Klein (2nd ed.)

Encyclopedia Judaica. 1971.

Look at other dictionaries:

  • Lipot Baumhorn — Lipót Baumhorn (* 28. Dezember 1860, Kisbér; † 8. Juli 1932 ebenda) war ein ungarischer Architekt. In diesem Artikel oder Abschnitt fehlen folgende wichtige Informationen: Lebenslauf, Erfolge, Bedeutung Du kannst Wikipedia helfen, indem du sie… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Baumhorn — Lipót Baumhorn (* 28. Dezember 1860, Kisbér; † 8. Juli 1932 ebenda) war ein ungarischer Architekt. In diesem Artikel oder Abschnitt fehlen folgende wichtige Informationen: Lebenslauf, Erfolge, Bedeutung Du kannst Wikipedia helfen, indem du sie… …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lipót Baumhorn — Synagoge in Szeged Lipót Baumhorn (Leopold Baumhorn) …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Lipót Baumhorn — (December 28, 1860, Kisbér July 8, 1932, Kisbér) was a Hungarian architect.CareerBaumhorn studied in Vienna under Freiherr von Ferstel, who was the designer of the Votive Church there. He set up a practice after further study under Ödön Lechner.… …   Wikipedia

  • Novi Sad Synagogue — Novosadska Sinagoga View from the north east. Basic information Location Novi Sad Geographic coordinates Vojvodina, Serbia …   Wikipedia

  • HU-SD — Szeged …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Kiskundorozsma — Szeged …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Liste der Biografien/Bau–Baw — Biografien: A B C D E F G H I J K L M N O P Q …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Segedin — Szeged …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Seghedin — Szeged …   Deutsch Wikipedia


Share the article and excerpts

Direct link
Do a right-click on the link above
and select “Copy Link”

We are using cookies for the best presentation of our site. Continuing to use this site, you agree with this.